Paintings and Drawings
There are also few drawings. Arthur Benoît, who compiled a list of souvenirs of Bébé in 1883, mentions particularly a drawing from life by in the collections of the Musée Lorrain by the chevalier de Bernis (Berny) (p.225). Bébé is shown in profile wearing a fur coat. The artist in question is Pierre-Jean-Paul Berny de Nogent (1722-79) - the portrait is listed among his works on Wikipedia, but I have so far failed to find an image.
Porcelain figure in Hussar's uniform
Wooden mannequin from the Musée Lorrain in Nancy
The Musée Lorrain has various clothes and personal items belonging to Bébé - his coat, cap, spats and a miniature cutlery set. The costume originally belonged to a Mlle Ouvrard, who was a relative of the Ferry family.
The wooden model is 19th-century. However, the plaster head is said to be "rigorously and authentically modelled" on the basis of a wax head formerly conserved with the skeleton of Bébé in the Musée d'Histoire naturelle. (See Wikimedia file)
Several life-size wax effigies of Bébé exist, as well as sets of clothes that seem likely to have been made for the models. In all probability they are the work of the Guillot Brothers, whose workshop in Nancy was famous for its wax figures and tableaux. The models have some claim to be portraits since François Guillot is known to have made moulds from life to create his wax heads. (The bodies were usually made of material and stuffed.)
a. From the Musée Unterlinden
Granat & Peyre (2008) p.12 (fig. 4E). This figure in the museum at Lunéville is a loan from the Musée Unterlinden in Colmar. It has a broken arm.
|Statue de Bébé. © musée Unterlinden, Colmar / photo. Musée du château de Lunéville|
- A felt hat with turned back rim, held in place by a buttoned ribbon.
- A blue silk suit with white lapels, decorated with gold braid. This included a white embroidered waistcoat which was sewed onto the coat.
- Matching knee-breeches in blue silk, also with braid trim.
- A miniature sword, of 40 cm with scabbard (now lost?)
b. At Drottningholm Castle
A second example is documented by Jan Bondeson in his 2004 book The Pig-faced lady of Manchester Square and other medical marvels (p.157 and B & W plate 20) . This mannequin was given by Stanislas to Queen Lovisa Ulrika of Sweden for her private museum in Drottningholm Castle just outside Sweden, and remained in situ after the museum was dissolved in 1803. The figure is just under 3 feet tall and is dressed in a suit of pale blue silk with white stockings and a cravat. The illustration in Bondeson's book shows an outfit identical to the one at Unterlinden; this model is even wearing its tricorne hat secured by a ribbon.
c. From the musée Orfila, Paris
A third mannequin can be found in the collections of the Faculty of Medicine in the University of Paris, (Musée d'Anatomie Delmas-Orfila-Rouvière) which in 2011 were transferred to the University of Montpellier.
This example is identified in several sources as by François Guillot. In an article of 1889, a doctor Liégey recalls having seen it in the musée Orfila as early as 1832. He transcribes an old note which reveals that the model once had abundant hair, curled and worn in a pigtail. It was dressed as we still see today, "à la mode Louis XV" with the familiar long blue silk coat, light-coloured waistcoat and white cravat. A felt hat is under the arm. The scarlet breeches are probably an original variant since Benoît mentions another dilapidated pair which once existed at Lunéville. The writer comments:
He is standing, upright and clearly well-proportioned. His skull is not that of an idiot or a cretin, but seems of sufficient size, well-developed and indicative of intelligence. His eyes are wide and sparking, with well-defined lashes and brows. His nose is well made and somewhat aquiline; what can be seen of his ears is equally normal; his mouth is small and the chin rounded. In summary, he has an attractive little head. The hair, light blond with yellow tinges, is abundant, curled at the sides, ending in a fairly long ponytail. His little hands are plump, his right arm hanging down and the left bent at a right angle.
It is not know for certain whether this is the same model which Saveur Morand was recorded as presenting his lecture to the Academy of Science in 1764, but this seems likely. Moreau specified that his effigy was made for Bébé's surgeon, a certain doctor Jeanet, and represented him at the age of eighteen. It was made using Bébé's real hair and wore clothing which belonged to him shortly before his death. (Sadly most of the hair from the mannequin at Montpellier is now missing.)
There is some muddle about ages and heights, since Liégey's note claimed that Nicolas only reached the height of 70 centimetres, whereas Granat & Peyre calculate he would have measured 83 cm at the age of eighteen. Perhaps mercifully, they haven't been able to measure the waxwork itself, which - to judge by the wrinkled stockings - has in any case shrunk over the years.
Waxwork from the Herzog Anton-Ulrich Museum, Braunschweig (Brunswick).
This effigy is known to have been in the private museum of Duke Anton Ulrich of Brunswick before 1803. The maker is not known (?) but the model seems unlikely to have been taken from life. The figure is 77.5 cm tall, has a coloured wax head and horsehair wig - the museum notice specifies that the leather glove in its hand belonged to Bébé himself.
Notice on kulturerbe.niedersachsen.de: https://ku-ni.de/isil_DE-MUS-026819_opal_herzanulm_kunshe_Wac15