This post is based on a lecture given in 2011 by Paul Smith, a specialist in industrial archaeology with the Direction générale des patrimoines (see references blow).
|Manufacture de tabac Architectes: Jacques Martinet et Jacques V. Gabriel, Le Havre 1728.|
Fortunately other early tobacco factories do still survive. The manufacture at Morlaix, again among the earliest, is still substantially standing. It was rebuilt on the present plan between 1736 and 1740 by the royal architect Jean-François Blondel and is depicted in detail in a huge engraving in the Bibliothèque Nationale, probably intended as a prospectus for the project. Detailed plans, with measurements, also survive in the local archives. There is no view of the interior but the workforce numbered 500-600, making it similar in scale to the manufacture at Le Havre.
|Maison Miffant - (wikipedia.org)|
In 1729 a vast new site was acquired in the rue Duquesne close to the shore and a purpose built factory complex erected. This new works opened in 1738. A detailed survey of 1738 lists 615 workers, a substantial number, though noticeably fewer than the 1,000-1,500 employed a generation earlier. The establishment was therefore comparable in size to the works at Le Havre and Morlaix. Later in the century, the industry in Dieppe declined, but it was still a major employer; a document from 1791 lists names of 368 workers and the specialised tasks they performed.
Old photos of the later works:
Post of 28.11.2009: "La porte monumentale de la Manufacture des Tabacs"
A manufacture was established at the port of Sète in 1751 to process tobacco imported from Whitehaven and the Scottish ports of Ayr, Abderdeen and Glasgow. It occupied the site of a former sugar refinery where the town's indoor market now stands. According to a contemporary report, in the early 1770s, it employed three hundred workers and supplied the Ferme's bureaux in Lyon and other provinces along the Rhône. By the end of the 1770s, however, the tobacco trade in Sète went into terminal decline due to the disruption caused by the American War of Independence: in 1778 the principal importers of were bankrupted. By 1788 only a single ship still operated.
A royal manufacture was established at Tonneins by the Compagnie des Indes, perhaps as early as 1718. The area had been an early centre of tobacco culture, and the industry relied on the easy transportation provided by the Garonne. The magnificent present structure, on the quai de la Barre, dates mainly from Imperial period. There are currently plans to convert the site into an enterprise park.
Ancienne manufacture de tabac Laperche, dite Domaine de Saint-Germain à Tonneins - PA47000053 - Monumentum